Reports and Studies

 


 

Ethanol & the Environment

Lifecycle Energy & Greenhouse Gas Impacts

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  • Carbon Intensity of Marginal Petroleum and Corn Ethanol Fuels
    Boland, S., and S. Unnasch, Life Cycle Associates, LLC  (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    January 2014
    View Full Report PDF
    View Appendix PDF
    View RFA Summary PDF
  • 2012 Corn Ethanol: Emerging Plant Energy and Environmental Technologies
    Mueller, S., University of Illinois at Chicago & Kwik, J., Dominion Energy Services, LLC
    April 29, 2013
    View PDF
  • Well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of ethanol from corn, sugarcane and cellulosic biomass for US use
    Wang, M., et al., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    December 13, 2012
    View PDF
  • Comparing Scales of Environmental Effects from Gasoline and Ethanol Production
    Parish, E.S. et al., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    December 2, 2012
    View PDF
  • Energy and greenhouse gas emission effects of corn and cellulosic ethanol with technology improvements and land use changes
    Wang, M.Q., et al., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory, U.S. DOE, & Purdue University
    May 2012
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • Securing Foreign Oil: A Case for Including Military Operations in the Climate Change Impact of Fuels
    Liska, A.J., and Perrin, R.K., University of Nebraska at Lincoln
    July/August 2010
    View PDF
  • Discussion Paper - A Comparison of Corn Ethanol Lifecycle Analyses: California Low Carbon Fuels Standard (LCFS) Versus Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS2)
    Air Improvement Resource, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association & Nebraska Corn Board)
    June 14, 2010
    View PDF
  • 2008 Energy Balance for the Corn-Ethanol Industry
    U.S. Department of Agriculture-Office of the Chief Economist
    June 2010
    View PDF
  • Detailed Report: 2008 National Dry Mill Corn Ethanol Survey
    Mueller, S., University of Illinois at Chicago
    May 4, 2010
    View PDF
  • GHG Emission Reductions From World Biofuel Production And Use
    (S&T)2 Consultants Inc. (for Global Renewable Fuels Alliance)
    November 23, 2009
    View PDF
  • What Do Biofuels Displace and Why Does it Matter?
    Renewable Fuels Association
    July 8, 2009
    View PDF
  • An Evaluation of the Extraction, Transport and Refining of Imported Crude Oils and the Impact on Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    U.S. DOE-National Energy Technology Laboratory
    March 27, 2009
    View PDF
  • An Examination of the Potential for Improving Carbon/Energy Balance of Bioethanol (A Report to IEA Bioenergy Task 39)
    (S&T)2 Consultants Inc.
    February 15, 2009
    View PDF
  • Assessment of Direct and Indirect GHG Emissions Associated with Petroleum Fuels
    Life Cycle Associates, LLC (for New Fuels Alliance)
    February 2009
    View PDF
  • Improvements in Life Cycle Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Corn-Ethanol
    Liska, A.J., et al., University of Nebraska at Lincoln
    December 2008
    View PDF
  • Understanding the reductions in US corn ethanol production costs: An experience curve approach
    Hettinga, W.G., et al., Utrecht University, Ecofys Netherlands BV, & U.S. Department of Agriculture
    September 30, 2008
    View PDF
  • Update of Distillers Grains Displacement Ratios for Corn Ethanol Life-Cycle Analysis
    Arora, S., Wu, M., and Wang, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    September 2008
    View PDF
  • U.S. Ethanol Industry Efficiency Improvements 2004 through 2007
    Christianson, J.O., Christianson & Associates, PLLP
    August 5, 2008
    View PDF
  • Analysis of the Efficiency of the U.S. Ethanol Industry 2007
    U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    March 27, 2008
    View PDF
  • Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types
    Wang, M., Wu, M., & Huo, H., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    May 22, 2007
    View PDF
  • Ethanol: Energy Well Spent - A Survey of Studies Published Since 1990
    Natural Resources Defense Council and Climate Solutions
    February 7, 2006
    View PDF
  • Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals
    Farrell, A.E., et al., University of California at Berkeley
    January 27, 2006
    View PDF
  • USDA's 2002 Ethanol Cost-of-Production Survey
    Shapouri, H., and Gallagher, P., USDA-Office of the Chief Economist
    July 2005
    View PDF
  • The 2001 Net Energy Balance of Corn-Ethanol
    Shapouri, H., Duffield, J., McAloon, A., & Wang, M., USDA-Office of the Chief Economist & U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    May 31, 2004
    View PDF

Land Use Impacts

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  • A Spatial Modeling Framework to Evaluate Domestic Biofuel-Induced Potential Land Use Changes and Emissions
    Elliott, J., et al., University of Chicago, U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory, Iowa State University & University of Illinois at Chicago
    January 23, 2014
    View PDF
  • Analysing the Effect of Biofuel Expansion on Land Use in Major Producing Countries: Evidence of Increased Multiple Cropping
    Langeveld, J.W.A, Dixon, J., van Keulen, H., and Quist-Wessel, P.M.F., Biomass Research, ACIAR, & Wageningen University and Research Centre (for Biomass Research)
    July 2013
    View PDF
  • Modeling state-level soil carbon emission factors under various scenarios for direct land use change associated with United States biofuel feedstock production
    Kwon, H.-Y., Mueller, S., Dunn, J.B., and Wander, M.M., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of Illinois at Chicago, and U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    March 2013
    View PDF
  • Land-Use Changes and CO2 Emissions Due to US Corn Ethanol Production
    Tyner, W., & Taheripour, F., Purdue University
    January 2013
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • An alternative approach to indirect land use change: Allocating greenhouse gas effects among different uses of land
    Kim, S., Dale, B.E., & Ong, R.G., Michigan State University & U.S. DOE-Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center
    November 2012
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • Baseline time accounting: Considering global land use dynamics when estimating the climate impact of indirect land use change caused by biofuels
    Kløverpris, J.H., Novozymes A/S, & Mueller, S., University of Illinois at Chicago
    September 11, 2012
    View PDF
  • Induced land use emissions due to first and second generation biofuels and uncertainty in land use emissions factors
    Taheripour, F. & Tyner, W.E., Purdue University
    August 12, 2012
    View PDF
  • Carbon Calculator for Land Use Change from Biofuels Production (CCLUB): Users' Manual and Technical Documentation
    Mueller, S., Dunn, J.B., & Wang, M. Q., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    June 11, 2012
    View PDF
  • Major Uses of Land in the United States, 2007
    Nickerson, C., Ebel, R., Borchers, A., & Carriazo, F., USDA-Economic Research Service
    December 2011
    View PDF
  • Assessing the Land Use Change Consequences of European Biofuel Policies, Final Report
    Laborde, D., International Food Policy Institute (IFPRI)
    October 2011
    View PDF
  • Indirect land use change for biofuels: Testing predictions and improving analytical methodologies
    Kim, S., & Dale, B.E., Michigan State University
    July 2011
    View PDF
  • Sources of corn for ethanol production in the United States: a decomposition analysis of the empirical data
    Oladosu, G., Kline, K., Uria-Martinez, R., & Eaton, L., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    June 10, 2011
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • Effect of Recent Expert Working Group Recommendations on California Low Carbon Fuels Standard (LCFS) Corn Ethanol Land Use Change Emissions Estimate
    Air Improvement Resource, Inc.
    October 29, 2010
    View PDF
  • Biofuels Done Right: Land Efficient Animal Feeds Enable Large Environmental and Energy Benefits
    Dale, B.E., Bals, B.D., Kim, S., & Franki, P., Michigan State University
    September 14, 2010
    View PDF
  • Land Use Changes and Consequent CO2 Emissions due to US Corn Ethanol Production: A Comprehensive Analysis, Final Report (revised)
    Tyner, W. et al., Purdue University
    July 2010
    View PDF
  • Indirect Land Use: One Consideration Too Many in Biofuel Regulation
    Zilberman, D., Hochman, G., & Rajagopal, D., University of California at Berkeley
    March/April 2010
    View PDF
  • Review of "Corn Ethanol and Wildlife: How increases in corn plantings are affecting habitat and wildlife in the Prairie Pothole Region" (Brooke et al. for the National Wildlife Federation)
    Renewable Fuels Association
    January 19, 2010
    View PDF
  • Biofuels and their by-products: Global economic and environmental implications
    Taheripour, F., et al., Purdue University
    November 27, 2009
    View PDF
  • A Scientific Assessment of the Role of Distiller’s Grains (DGS) and Predictions of the Impact of Corn Co-Products Produced by Front-End Fractionation and Back-End Oil Extraction
    Shurson, J., University of Minnesota
    September 10, 2009
    View PDF
  • Calculating Carbon Intensity: Implications of Projection Horizon and Future Land Use
    NERA Economic Consulting (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    April 30, 2009
    View PDF
  • Biofuels and indirect land use change effects: the debate continues
    Matthews, J.A., and Tan, H., Macquarie University
    April 13, 2009
    View PDF
  • Analysis of "Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use" (Howarth et al., published by the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment)
    Renewable Fuels Association
    April 2, 2009
    View PDF
  • Accounting for Differences in the Timing of Emissions in Calculating Carbon Intensity for the California Low Carbon Fuels Standard
    NERA Economic Consulting (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    April 2009
    View PDF
  • Analysis of Current Feeding Practices of Distiller's Grains with Solubles in Livestock and Poultry Feed Relative to Land Use Credits Associated with Determining the Low Carbon Fuel
    Shurson, J., University of Minnesota
    March 25, 2009
    View PDF
  • Indirect land use emissions in the life cycle of biofuels: regulations vs science
    Liska, A.J., and Perrin, R.K., University of Nebraska at Lincoln
    March 19, 2009
    View PDF
  • Land Use Effects of U.S. Corn-Based Ethanol
    Darlington, T.L., Air Improvement Resource, Inc.
    February 24, 2009
    View PDF
  • Biofuels, Land Use Change, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Some Unexplored Variables
    Kim, H., Kim, S., & Dale, B.E., Phillips Academy Andover & Michigan State University
    November 20, 2008
    View PDF
  • Understanding Land Use Change and U.S. Ethanol Expansion
    Renewable Fuels Association
    November 2008
    View PDF
  • Letter to Sciencexpress in response to "Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases through Emissions from Land Use Change" (Searchinger et al.)
    Wang, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory & Haq, Z., U.S. Department of Energy
    March 14, 2008
    View PDF

Human Health & Air Quality

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  • Public health impacts of secondary particulate formation from aromatic hydrocarbons in gasoline
    von Stackelberg, K., Buonocore, J., Bhave, P.V., and Schwartz, J.A., Harvard University
    February 20, 2013
    View PDF
  • Life Cycle Impact Assessment Framework for Characterizing Human Health Benefits and Impacts from Emerging Biofuels
    Lobscheid, A.B., Energy Biosciences Institute, and McKone, T.E., U.S. DOE-Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory & University of California at Berkeley
    May 5, 2009
    View PDF
  • Response to Mark Jacobson E85 Study
    Renewable Energy Action Project (REAP)
    April 26, 2007
    View PDF
  • Review of “Effects of Ethanol (E85) Versus Gasoline Vehicles on Cancer and Mortality in the United States” authored by Mark Z. Jacobson
    Whitten, G.Z., Smog Reyes
    April 18, 2007
    View PDF
  • Air Quality and Ethanol in Gasoline
    Whitten, G.Z., Smog Reyes
    February 4, 2004
    View PDF
  • Small-Volume Releases of Gasoline in the Vadose Zone: Impact of the Additives MTBE and Ethanol on Groundwater Quality
    Dakhel, N., Pasteris, G., Werner, D., & Höhener, P., Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne
    April 10, 2003
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase

Sustainability

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  • Environmental and Socioeconomic Indicators for Measuring Outcomes of On-Farm Agricultural Production in the United States: Second Report (Version 2)
    Field to Market: The Keystone Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture
    December 2012
    View PDF
  • U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry
    U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    August 2011
    View PDF
  • Greenhouse gas mitigation by agricultural intensification
    Burney, J.A., Davis, S.J., & Lobell, D.B., Stanford University and Carnegie Institution of Washington
    May 4, 2010
    View PDF
  • Environmental Resource Indicators for Measuring Outcomes of On-Farm Agricultural Production in the United States: First Report
    Field to Market: The Keystone Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture
    January 2009
    View PDF
  • Increasing Crop Productivity to Meet Global Needs for Feed, Food, and Fuel
    Edgerton, M.D., Monsanto Co.
    January 2009
    View PDF

Water Use

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  • The Facts on Ethanol, Corn Production, and Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico
    Renewable Fuels Association
    July 7, 2010
    View PDF
  • Optimization of Energy and Water Consumption in Corn-based Ethanol Plants
    Ahmetović, E., Martin, M., and Grossmann, I.E., Carnegie Mellon University
    January 2010
    View PDF
  • Water Usage for Current and Future Ethanol Production
    Aden, A., U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    September/October 2007
    View PDF

 


 

Renewable Fuel Standard

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  • RFS Kept Gas Prices Down
    Verleger, P.K., Jr.
    January 23, 2014
    View PDF
  • Analysis of the Potential Use Biofuels toward the Renewable Fuel Standard in 2014
    Informa Economics, Inc.
    January 2014
    View PDF
  • Impact of Increased Ethanol Mandates on Prices at the Pump
    Pouliot, S., and B.A. Babcock, Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    January 2014
    View PDF
  • Analysis of Whether Higher Prices of Renewable Fuel Standard RINs Affected Gasoline Prices in 2013
    Informa Economics, Inc.
    January 2014
    View PDF
  • Feasibility and Cost of Increasing US Ethanol Consumption Beyond E10
    Babcock, B.A., and S. Pouliot, Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    January 2014
    View PDF
  • The Economic Role of RIN Prices
    Babcock, B.A., and S. Pouliot, Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    November 2013
    View PDF
  • How Much E85 Can Be Consumed in the United States?
    Babcock, B.A., and S. Pouliot, Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    November 2013
    View PDF
  • RFS Compliance: Death Spiral or Investment in E85?
    Babcock, B.A., and S. Pouliot, Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    November 2013
    View PDF
  • Commentary: Renewable Fuels Legislation Cuts Crude Prices
    Verleger, P.K., Jr.
    September 23, 2013
    View PDF
  • A Reality Check on API's "RFS Reality Gap" Report
    Renewable Fuels Association
    September 19, 2013
    View PDF
  • Price It and They Will Buy: How E85 Can Break the Blend Wall
    Babcock, B.A., and S. Pouliot, Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    August 2013
    View PDF
  • Comments to House Energy & Commerce Committee on RFS White Paper Series, #5 - Implementation Issues
    Renewable Fuels Association
    July 26, 2013
    View PDF
  • Renewable Identification Numbers (Presentation to the Agricultural Advisory Committee, Commodity Futures Trading Commission)
    Verleger, P.K., Jr., Peter G. Peterson Institute of International Economics & PKVerleger LLC
    July 25, 2013
    View PDF
  • Comments to House Energy & Commerce Committee on RFS White Paper Series, #4 - Energy Policy
    Renewable Fuels Association
    June 21, 2013
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  • Comments to House Energy & Commerce Committee on RFS White Paper Series, #3 - Greenhouse Gas Emissions & Other Environmental Impacts
    Renewable Fuels Association
    May 24, 2013
    View PDF
  • Comments to House Energy & Commerce Committee on RFS White Paper Series, #2 - Agricultural Sector Impacts
    Renewable Fuels Association
    April 29, 2013
    View PDF
  • Comments to House Energy & Commerce Committee on RFS White Paper Series, #1 - "Blend Wall"/Fuel Compatibility Issues
    Renewable Fuels Association
    April 5, 2013
    View PDF
  • Retail Gasoline Price Impact of Compliance with the Renewable Fuel Standard
    Informa Economics, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    March 25, 2013
    View PDF
  • Global economic effects of US biofuel policy and the potential contribution from advanced biofuels
    Oladosu, G., et al., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    November 2012
    View Link
  • Renewable Fuel Standard Waiver Options during the Drought of 2012
    Thompson, W., et al., University of Missouri-Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI)
    October 2012
    View PDF
  • RIN Values: What Do They Tell Us about the Impact of Biofuel Mandates?
    Meyer, S., UN-Food and Agriculture Organization, and Paulson, N., University of Illinois
    September 6, 2012
    View PDF
  • Impact of Waiving the Renewable Fuel Standard on Total Net Feed Costs
    Urbanchuk, J.M., Cardno ENTRIX
    September 2012
    View PDF
  • Impacts of Waiving the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) on Household Spending on Food and Fuel
    Renewable Fuels Association
    August 28, 2012
    View PDF
  • Potential Impacts of a Partial Waiver of the Ethanol Blending Rules
    Tyner, W.E., Taheripour, F., & Hurt, C., Purdue University
    August 16, 2012
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  • Ethanol Demand A Function Of Economics, Not RFS
    Andrews, V., Allidina, H., Meier, B., & Drangula, T., Morgan Stanley Research
    August 7, 2012
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  • Ethanol - Does the RFS Matter?
    Irwin, S., & Good, D., University of Illinois
    August 2, 2012
    View PDF
  • Is the Ethanol Mandate Truly a Mandate? An Estimate of Banked RINs Stocks
    Paulson, N., University of Illinois
    March 15, 2012
    View PDF
  • Flexible-Fuel Vehicle and Refueling Infrastructure Requirements Associated with Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) Implementation
    Air Improvement Resource, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    March 2011
    View PDF
  • A USDA Regional Roadmap to Meeting the Biofuels Goals of the Renewable Fuels Standard by 2022 (USDA Biofuels Strategic Production Report)
    U.S. Department of Agriculture
    June 23, 2010
    View PDF
  • Benefits of an Enhanced RFS2 in the Midwestern States
    Air Improvement Resource, Inc.  (for Renewable Fuels Association, et al.)
    June 18, 2010
    View PDF
  • Review of EPA’s RFS2 Lifecycle Emissions Analysis for Corn Ethanol
    Darlington, T.L., Heuss, J.M., & Kahlbaaum, D.F., Air Improvement Resource, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    September 22, 2009
    View PDF
  • Analysis of the Proposed Rulemaking for the Expansion of the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard
    Informa Economics, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association, Illinois Corn Marketing Board, & National Corn Growers Association)
    September 2009
    View PDF

 


 

Ethanol & Food/Feed Market Impacts

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  • Biofuels and Food Security: Risks and Opportunities
    Hamelinck, C., ECOFYS Netherlands B.V. (for ePURE)
    August 2013
    View PDF
  • Biofuels and food prices: Separating wheat from chaff
    Tyner, W.E., Purdue University
    July 2013
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • The Renewable Fuels Standard and Consumer Food Prices
    Urbanchuk, J.M., ABF Economics (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    June 7, 2013
    View PDF
  • U.S. Drought 2012: Farm and Food Impacts
    USDA-Economic Research Service
    May 6, 2013
    View PDF
  • Long-Term Drivers of Food Prices
    Baffes, J., and Dennis, A., The World Bank
    May 2013
    View PDF
  • Who's Fooling Whom? The Real Drivers Behind the 2010/11 Food Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa (An Update)
    Partners for Euro African Green Energy (Pangea)
    April 2013
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  • Myths and Facts about Bioenergy in Africa
    Partners for Euro African Green Energy (Pangea)
    March 2013
    View PDF
  • 4 Reasons Why Ethanol Doesn't Drive Corn Prices: A Tale of Two Forces
    GROWMARK Research
    January 4, 2013
    View PDF
  • Who's Fooling Whom? The Real Drivers Behind the 2010/11 Food Crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Partners for Euro African Green Energy (Pangea)
    September 21, 2012
    View PDF
  • Updated Assessment of the Drought's Impacts on Crop Prices and Biofuel Production
    Babcock, B.A., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    August 2012
    View PDF
  • Preliminary Assessment of the Drought's Impacts on Crop Prices and Biofuel Production
    Babcock, B., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    July 2012
    View PDF
  • Speculation and the Commodity Markets
    Urbanchuk, J.M., Cardno ENTRIX
    October 2011
    View PDF
  • Analysis of Corn, Commodity, and Consumer Food Prices
    Informa Economics, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    July 7, 2011
    View Full Report PDF
    View Executive Summary PDF
  • Issue Report: What's Driving Food Prices in 2011?
    Abbott, P.C., Hurt, C., & Tyner, W.E., Purdue University (for Farm Foundation, NFP)
    July 2011
    View PDF
  • The Impact of US Biofuel Policies on Agricultural Price Levels and Volatility
    Babcock, B.A., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (for  International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development)
    June 2011
    View PDF
  • Why Have Food Commodity Prices Risen Again?
    Trostle, R., Marti, D., Rosen, S., & Westcott, P., USDA-Economic Research Service
    June 2011
    View PDF
  • Impact of biofuel production and other supply and demand factors on food price increases in 2008
    Mueller, S.A., Anderson, J.E., & Wallington, T.J., Ford Motor Co.
    May 2011
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • The Impact of Ethanol and Ethanol Subsidies on Corn Prices: Revisiting History
    Babcock, B.A., & Fabiosa, J.F., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development
    April 2011
    View PDF
  • A Revised and Expanded Food Dollar Series: A Better Understanding of Our Food Costs
    Canning, P., USDA-Economic Research Service
    February 2011
    View PDF
  • Commodity Index Traders and the Boom/Bust Cycle in Commodities Prices
    Frenk, D., & Turbeville, W., Better Markets, Inc.
    January 2011
    View PDF
  • Placing the 2006/08 Commodity Price Boom into Perspective
    Baffes, J., & Haniotis, T., The World Bank
    July 2010
    View PDF
  • Annex 5: The role of demand for biofuel in the agricultural commodity price spikes of 2007/08
    Pfuderer, S., Davies, G., & Mitchell, I., United Kingdom Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra)
    March 2010
    View PDF
  • Speculation and Volatility Spillover in the Crude Oil and Agricultural Commodity Markets: A Bayesian Analysis
    Du, X., Yu, C.L., & Hayes, D.J., University of Wisconsin at Madison & Iowa State University
    May 2009
    View PDF
  • Why Aren't Food Companies Reducing Prices?
    Renewable Fuels Association
    November 20, 2008
    View PDF
  • Will the Plunge in Grain Prices Mean Lower Food Prices at the Supermarket?
    Renewable Fuels Association
    October 15, 2008
    View PDF
  • Feeding the Future: The Role of the U.S. Ethanol Industry in Food and Feed Production
    Renewable Fuels Association
    September 2008
    View PDF
  • Issue Report: What's Driving Food Prices?
    Abbott, P.C., Hurt, C., & Tyner, W.E., Farm Foundation
    July 2008
    View PDF
  • Responses to Questions From Senator Bingaman
    U.S. Department of Energy & U.S. Department of Agriculture
    June 11, 2008
    View PDF
  • Rising Food Prices and Global Food Needs: The U.S. Response (CRS Report for Congress)
    Hanrahan, C.E., Congressional Research Service
    May 8, 2008
    View PDF
  • The Effects of Ethanol on Texas Food & Feed
    Anderson, D.P. et al., Texas A&M University
    April 10, 2008
    View PDF
  • What is Driving Food Price Inflation?
    Henderson, J., Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
    April 2008
    View PDF
  • Corn Prices Near Record High, But What About Food Costs?
    Leibtag, E., USDA-Economic Research Service
    February 2008
    View PDF
  • Analysis of Potential Causes of Consumer Food Price Inflation
    Informa Economics, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    November 2007
    View PDF
  • The Relative Impact of Corn and Energy Prices in the Grocery Aisle
    Urbanchuk, J., LECG LLC
    June 14, 2007
    View PDF
  • An Analysis of the Effects of an Expansion in Biofuel Demand on U.S. Agriculture
    USDA-Economic Research Service & The Office of the Chief Economist
    May 2007
    View PDF
  • Industrial Livestock Companies' Gains from Low Feed Prices, 1997-2005
    Wise, T.A., & Starmer, E., Tufts University
    February 26, 2007
    View PDF

 


 

Ethanol & Petroleum Markets

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  • Commentary: Renewable Fuels Legislation Cuts Crude Prices
    Verleger, P.K., Jr.
    September 23, 2013
    View PDF
  • The end of Peak Oil? Why this topic is still relevant despite recent denials
    Chapman, I., University of Cumbria
    June 5, 2013
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • Appendix: Refining Economics of Reducing Ethanol with Rising Ethanol Prices
    U.S. Department of Energy
    November 2012
    View PDF
  • Ethanol Keeps Gasoline Prices $1.09 Cheaper (Summary of "The Impact of Ethanol Production on U.S. and Regional Gasoline Markets: An Update to 2012" by Du & Hayes)
    Renewable Fuels Association
    August 2012
    View PDF
  • Response to "Ethanol Production and Gasoline Prices: A Spurious Correlation" by Knittel and Smith
    Hayes, D.J., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    August 2012
    View PDF
  • The Impact of Ethanol Production on U.S. and Regional Gasoline Markets: An Update to 2012
    Du, X., and Hayes, D. J., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    May 15, 2012
    View PDF
  • The Impact of Ethanol Production on the U.S. Gasoline Market
    Marzoughi, H., and Kennedy, P.L., Louisiana State University AgCenter, Louisiana State University and A&M College
    February 4, 2012
    View PDF
  • Speculation in the Oil Market
    Juvenal, L., and Petrella, I., Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
    February 2012
    View PDF
  • The Impact of Ethanol Production on US and Regional Gasoline Markets: An Update to May 2009
    Du, X., and Hayes, D. J., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    April 2011
    View PDF 
  • Imported Oil and U.S. National Security
    Crane, K., et al., RAND Corporation
    April 2009
    View PDF 
  • The Impact of Ethanol Blending on U.S. Gasoline Prices
    McKinsey and Company, Inc. (for U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
    November 2008
    View PDF 
  • Responses to Questions From Senator Bingaman
    U.S. Department of Energy & U.S. Department of Agriculture
    June 11, 2008
    View PDF 
  • Biofuels driving global oil supply growth
    Blanch, F., et al., Merrill Lynch
    June 6, 2008
    View PDF 
  • The Impact of Ethanol Production on U.S. and Regional Gasoline Prices and on the Profitability of the U.S. Oil Refinery Industry
    Du, X., and Hayes, D. J., Iowa State University-Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD)
    April 2008
    View PDF 

 


 

Energy Tax Policy

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  • Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels 2013
    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
    January 28, 2013
    View the PDF
  • World Energy Outlook 2012 Factsheet: How will global energy markets evolve to 2035?
    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
    December 2012
    View the PDF
  • What Would Jefferson Do? The Historical Role of Federal Subsidies in Shaping America's Energy Future
    Pfund, N., and Healey, B., DBL Investors
    September 2011
    View PDF
  • Putting Corporate Tax "Loopholes" in Perspective
    Hodge, S.A., Tax Foundation
    August 3, 2010
    View PDF
  • EIA Energy Subsidy Estimates: A Review of Assumptions and Omissions
    Koplow, D., Earth Track, Inc.
    March 2010
    View PDF
  • Petroleum Product Subsidies: Costly, Inequitable, and Rising
    Coady, D., et al., International Monetary Fund
    February 25, 2010
    View PDF 
  • Analysis of Federal Expenditures for Energy Development
    Management Information Services, Inc. (for The Nuclear Energy Institute)
    September 2008
    View PDF
  • Big Oil, Bigger Giveaways: An analysis of $32.9 billion in tax breaks, subsidies and other handouts the oil & gas industry will receive by 2013
    Friends of the Earth
    July 2008
    View PDF
  • The Hidden Cost of Oil
    Set America Free
    January 2007
    View PDF
  • Subsidies in the US Energy Sector: Magnitude, Causes, and Options for Reform
    Koplow, D., Earth Track, Inc.
    January 2007
    View PDF
  • A Half Century of US Federal Government Energy Incentives: Value, Distribution, and Policy Implications
    Bezdek, R.H., and Wendling, R.M., Management Information Services, Inc.
    January 2007
    View PDF
  • Tax Expenditures Related to the Production and Consumption of Motor Fuels and Motor Vehicles: Report #18 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data
    Delucchi, M.A., University of California at Davis, & and Murphy, J.J., University of Massachusetts
    August 2006
    View PDF
  • America's Achilles Heel, The Hidden Costs of Imported Oil: A Strategy for Energy Independence
    Copulos, M.R., The National Defense Council Foundation
    October 2003
    View PDF
  • Petroleum and Ethanol Fuels: Tax Incentives and Related GAO Work
    U.S. Government Accounting Office
    September 25, 2000
    View PDF
  • An Analysis of Federal Incentives Used to Stimulate Energy Production
    Cone, B.W., et al., Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory (for U.S. Department of Energy)
    February 1980
    View PDF
  • An Analysis of Federal Incentives Used to Stimulate Energy Production: Executive Summary
    Cone, B.W., et al., Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratory (for U.S. Department of Energy)
    December 1978
    View PDF
  • Public Laws of the United States of America from March 1913 to March 1915 (partial)
    U.S. Congress
    March 1913
    View PDF

 


 

Mid-Level Blends, Octane & Fuel Properties

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  • Investigating Malfunction Indicator Light Illumination Due to Increased Oxygenate Use in Gasoline
    Sluder, C.S., West, B.H., and Knoll, K.E., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory and U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory (for U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
    November 15, 2012
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • Review to Determine the Benefits of Increasing Octane Number on Gasoline Engine Efficiency: Analysis and Recommendations - Tasks 2-5 (CRC Project No. CM-137-11-1b)
    Coordinating Research Council, Inc.
    September 2012
    View PDF
  • High octane number ethanol-gasoline blends: Quantifying the potential benefits in the United States
    Anderson, J.E., et al., Ford Motor Co.
    July 2012
    View PDF | Publication available for purchase
  • Discussion Document - Effect of Ethanol Blending on Gasoline RVP
    McCormick, R.L., U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory, & Yanowitz, J., Ecoengineering, Inc.
    March 26, 2012
    View PDF
  • Intermediate Ethanol Blends Catalyst Durability Program
    West, B.H., et al., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Battelle Memorial Institute (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
    February 2012
    View PDF
  • Influence and Importance of Fuel Octane in Future Engine Developments
    Kasab, J.J., Ricardo (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    December 5, 2011
    View PDF
    View Executive Summary PDF
  • NMOG Emissions Characterizations and Estimation for Vehicles Using Ethanol-Blended Fuels
    Sluder, C.S., and West, B.H., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    October 15, 2011
    View PDF
  • Effects of E15 Ethanol Blends on HC, CO, and NOx Regulated Emissions from On-Road 2001 and Later Model Year Motor Vehicles
    Air Improvement Resource, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    July 15, 2011
    View PDF
  • Powertrain Component Inspection from Mid-Level Blends Vehicle Aging Study
    Shoffner, B.A., Johnson, R.D., Heimrich, M.J., and Lochte, M.D., Southwest Research Institute (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
    November 2010
    View PDF
  • Technical Assessment of the Feasibility of Introducing E15 Blended Fuel in U.S. Vehicle Fleet, 1994 to 2000 Model Years
    Ricardo, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    September 10, 2010
    View PDF
  • Issue Brief - E12: A Pathway to Increased Ethanol Use Today
    Renewable Fuels Association
    November 6, 2009
    View PDF
  • Effects of Intermediate Ethanol Blends on Legacy Vehicles and Small Non-Road Engines, Report 1 - Updated
    Knoll, K., et al., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Battelle Memorial Institute (for U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
    February 2009
    View PDF
  • E20: The Feasibility of 20 Percent Ethanol Blends by Volume as a Motor Fuel - Executive Summary, Results of Materials Compatibility and Drivability Testing
    State of Minnesota, The Minnesota Corn Growers, The Council of Great Lakes Governors, Minnesota State University at Mankato, University of Minnesota, & Renewable Fuels Association
    March 5, 2008
    View PDF

 


 

Ethanol Co-Products

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  • Impacts of Ethanol Co-Products on 2011/12 Corn and Soybean Supplies and Acreage
    Renewable Fuels Association
    December 2012
    View PDF
  • Chapter 1: An outlook on world biofuel production and its implications for the animal feed industry (from Biofuel Co-products as Livestock Feed: Opportunities and Challenges)
    Cooper, G., Renewable Fuels Association, & Weber, J.A., Marc-IV Consulting, Inc. (for UN Food & Agriculture Organization)
    January 2012
    View PDF
  • Estimating the Substitution of Distillers' Grains for Corn and Soybean Meal in the U.S. Feed Complex
    Hoffman, L.A., & Baker, A., USDA-Economic Research Service
    October 2011
    View PDF
  • Fueling a Nation, Feeding the World: The Role of the U.S. Ethanol Industry in Food and Feed Production
    Cooper, G., Renewable Fuels Association
    May 2011
    View PDF
  • Market Issues and Prospects for U.S. Distillers' Grains
    Hoffman, L., and Baker, A., USDA-Economic Research Service
    December 2010
    View PDF
  • Using Distillers Grains in the U.S. and International Livestock and Poultry Industries
    Babcock, B.A., Hayes, D.J., & Lawrence, J.D., Iowa State University-Midwest Agribusiness Trade Research and Information Center (MATRIC)
    January 2008
    View PDF

 


 

Ethanol & the Economy

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  • Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [2013]
    Urbanchuk, J.M., ABF Economics (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    February 17, 2014
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  • Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of Iowa
    Urbanchuk, J.M., ABF Economics (for Iowa Renewable Fuels Association)
    January 28, 2014
    View PDF
  • Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States - Supplement: U.S. Ethanol Industry Total Jobs Supported by State
    Urbanchuk, J.M., Cardno ENTRIX (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    February 20, 2013
    View PDF
  • Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [2012]
    Urbanchuk, J.M., Cardno ENTRIX (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    January 31, 2013
    View PDF